Шлемы мамлюков и их африканских соседей

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Шлемы мамлюков и их африканских соседей

Сообщение Nickolay » 20 янв 2011, 08:43

Резервная копия фотографий: https://goo.gl/photos/kHCzx73gJGdV5Qo27

Шлем египетского султана ал-Ашрафа Барсбея (1422-1438)
Хранится в Лувре, Department of Islamic Art, Richelieu, lower ground floor, room 11, инвентарный номер 6130. Был подарен музею в 1908г. таким товарищем, как Edmond Guérin, если я ничего не путаю.
Helmet_Barsbay_Louvre_6130.jpg
Высота шапочки - 58 см.

Источник: http://www.art.com/asp/search_do.asp/_/ ... %20Barsbay
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Re: "Восточные" шлемы. Артефакты XIV - XV вв.

Сообщение Nickolay » 07 фев 2011, 18:11

Шлем мамлюкского султана Насыра Мухаммада ибн Калауна (1293–1340).
Хранится в Королевском Музее Искусства и Истории (Cinquantenaire Museum) в Брюсселе.
1l.jpg
helm03.jpg
Обсуждение: http://www.tforum.info/forum/index.php? ... 32424&st=0
Источник: http://www.kmkg-mrah.be/art-islamic-world
"И вечный бой! Покой нам только снится
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Re: "Восточные" шлемы. Артефакты XIV - XV вв.

Сообщение alrik » 10 фев 2011, 00:14

Шлем мамлюкского султана Насыра Мухаммада ибн Калауна (1293–1340).
Спасибо !
А это точно его шлем (или хотя бы тех времен) ?
Чем это обосновывают ? Надпись на шлеме ?
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Re: "Восточные" шлемы. Артефакты XIV - XV вв.

Сообщение Nickolay » 10 фев 2011, 00:59

Честно говоря, достоверно не знаю, наткнулся случайно в Сети на совершенно левом сайте. В подписи было сказано, что на шлеме нанесено имя.
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Исламские шлемы Африки и Испании

Сообщение velizariy » 01 мар 2012, 12:46

Детально см. тут: http://www.sothebys.com/app/live/lot/Lo ... =159342156
A RARE MAMLUK STEEL HELMET, EGYPT, LATE 15TH/EARLY 16TH CENTURY
43.5cm. approx. total height 21cm. diam.
Description
the bowl of domed conical form with knop finial, the curving movable nasal with leaf-shaped finial with foliate screw lug, attached neck-guard, moulded cheek-pieces and visor, bordered by stamped brass bands secured by copper rivets, later leather attachments with repairs and some replacement parts

CATALOGUE NOTE
This is a fine example of a rare form of helmet from the late Mamluk / early Ottoman period.
Similar examples are in the Hermitage (inv. nos. 37 and 38, unpublished), the Metropolitan Museum of Art (inv. 36.25.116), the Furusiyya Art Foundation (Paris 2002a, no.134, p.171), the Khalili Collection (Alexander 1992, no.55, pp.108-109) and the Musée du Louvre (Atil 1981, no.41, pp.112-113; Paris 1977, no.411, pp.188-189), though the richest collection of Mamluk arms and armour is to be found in the Topkapi Palace and Military Museum in Istanbul, captured as booty from the Mamluks after their defeat at the hands of the Ottomans in 1516-17.
The Ottomans clearly admired and coveted Mamluk weaponry given the substantial quantity that was brought back from Damascus and Cairo following the fall of the dynasty. The inscriptions on the Louvre helmet state that it was made for Sultan Barsbay (1422-38) which makes is one of the earliest of the group that survives; the others are mostly from the latter half of the fifteenth century and the reign of Sultan Qaitbay (1468-96). The nasal on the Louvre piece bears the Eirene mark of the Ottoman arsenal (also featured on the Furusiyya helmet) which would have been added upon arrival in Istanbul.
The use and re-use of these weapons by the Ottomans meant that repairs were often carried out with later addtions. In the present example, the brass borders have been added for additional strength and parts of the guards and cheek-pieces have been repaired. The distinctive high-relief form of the cheek-pieces is a feature shared by the Furusiyya helmet (Paris 2002a, no.134, p.171). The continuity of design in sixteenth- and even seventeenth-century Ottoman helmets is attested by the fine example in the Kremlin, Moscow, brought back by the Tsar's envoy to Istanbul in 1632 (Paris 2002a, no.110, pp.152-3).
L07220-75-lr-1.jpg
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Шишаки (XVI-XVII вв.)

Сообщение velizariy » 01 мар 2012, 12:46

Детальное фото тут: http://www.sothebys.com/app/live/lot/Lo ... =159471700
https://www.bonhams.com/auctions/24198/ ... 560&page=1
A RARE MAMLUK STEEL HELMET, EGYPT, LATE 15TH/EARLY 16TH CENTURY
38cm. approx. height 21cm. diam.
the bowl of domed conical form with knop finial, the curving nasal-guard with stylised palmette finial, attached backward-everted neck-guard, one moulded cheek-guard and visor, bordered by stamped brass bands secured by copper rivets, with stand

CATALOGUE NOTE
Similar examples are in the Hermitage (inv. nos. 37 and 38, unpublished), the Metropolitan Museum of Art (inv. 36.25.116), the Furusiyya Art Foundation (Paris 2002a, no.134, p.171), the Khalili Collection (Alexander 1992, no.55, pp.108-109) and the Musée du Louvre (Atil 1981, no.41, pp.112-113; Paris 1977, no.411, pp.188-189), though the richest collection of Mamluk arms and armour is to be found in the Topkapi Palace and Military Museum in Istanbul, captured as booty from the Mamluks after their defeat at the hands of the Ottomans in 1516-17. A similar helmet was sold in these rooms, 18 April 2007, lot 75.
The Ottomans clearly admired and coveted Mamluk weaponry given the substantial quantity that was brought back from Damascus and Cairo following the fall of the dynasty. The inscriptions on the Louvre helmet state that it was made for Sultan Barsbay (1422-38) which makes it one of the earliest of the group that survives; the others are mostly from the latter half of the fifteenth century and the reign of Sultan Qaitbay (1468-96). The nasal on the Louvre piece bears the tamga mark of the Ottoman arsenal (also featured on the Furusiyya helmet) which would have been added upon arrival in Istanbul.
The use and re-use of these weapons by the Ottomans meant that repairs were often carried out with later addtions. For example, on this helmet the brass borders have been added for additional strength. The distinctive high-relief form of the cheek-piece is a feature shared by the Furusiyya helmet (Paris 2002a, no.134, p.171). The continuity of design in sixteenth- and even seventeenth-century Ottoman helmets is attested by the fine example in the Kremlin, Moscow, brought back by the Tsar's envoy to Istanbul in 1632 (Paris 2002a, no.110, pp.152-3).
L08222-232-lr-1.jpg
image3.jpg
image4.jpg
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Re: Исламские шлемы Ближнего Востока, Африки и Испании

Сообщение velizariy » 10 мар 2012, 20:47

"Знание — столь драгоценная вещь, что его не зазорно добывать из любого источника".
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Re: Шлемы мамлюков и их африканских соседей

Сообщение velizariy » 18 дек 2014, 17:00

https://www.bonhams.com/auctions/13523/lot/183/
A Mamluk silver-inlaid helmet Fragment
Persia, 13th/ 14th Century
of almond rounded shape, the suface incised, and inlaid decoration consisting of a part-stylised-roundel bearing elongated kufic inscription
14.5 cm. diam. max
fr_helmet.jpg
"Знание — столь драгоценная вещь, что его не зазорно добывать из любого источника".
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Re: Шлемы мамлюков и их африканских соседей

Сообщение velizariy » 24 июн 2015, 13:20

http://www.bonhams.com/auctions/22748/lot/204/
image_s.jpg
A Very Rare Mamluk Helmet
Period Of Al-Ashraf Sayf ad-Din Qa'it Bay, Mamluk Sultan of Egypt from 872-901 A.H. Corresponding To 1468-1496 A.D.
Of steel, with cone-shaped skull made in one piece and rising to a separate faceted bud-shaped finial secured on the inside by a washer, and incised with the ottoman arsenal mark of St. Irene to the left of the nasal, the brim encircled by a brass border (incomplete) secured by small copper rivets and incised with diamonds against a wrigglework ground, a row of punched dots above, bluntly-pointed peak and outwardly curved neck-guard with borders en suite (ear-defences missing), the former secured by dome-headed copper rivets retaining traces of gilding, the latter articulated on brass links (one an old iron replacement) secured by iron staples, and adjustable bar-nasal with large ovoidal finial engraved 'The most honourable ruler Qaytbay, may his victory be glorious' in thuluth within line borders (some light pitting overall, the skull on one side with old internally patched repair)
31 cm. high
Footnotes

Literature:
Pinchot, p.158, fig.8-1

Other examples are in the Metropolitan Museum of Art (inv. no.36.25.116), the Hermitage (inv. nos.37 and 38, unpublished), the Musée du Louvre, the Furusiyya Art Foundation (Mohamed, pp.317-319, figs.304-306), the Khalili Collection (Alexander, pp.108-109, no.55), and the Stibbert Museum, Florence (Robinson, p.207, no.124, fig.13b)

The largest group of Mamluk arms and armour is to be found in the Topkapi Palace and in the Askari Museum in Istanbul, captured as booty from the Mamluks following their defeat by the Ottomans in 1516-17. The inscriptions on the Louvre helmet state that it was made for Sultan Barsbay (1422-1438) making it one of the earliest of the group to survive.

For another example, in fine condition and complete with its ear- and cheek-defences, see Sotheby's London, Arts of The Islamic World, 18 April 2007, lot 75 (£108,000 including premium)

Al-Ashraf Sayf ad-Din Qa'it Bay was the eighteenth Buriji Mamluk Sultan of Egypt. He was born between 1416 and 1418 in Great Circassia of the Caucasus. His skill in archery and horsemanship attracted the attention of a slave merchant who purchased him and brought him to Cairo when he was over twenty years of age. He was quickly purchased by the reigning Sultan Barsbay and became a member of the palace guard.

He was freed by Barsbay's successor, Jaqmaq, and appointed third executive secretary. During the reigns of Sayf ad-Din Inal, Khushqadam, and Yilbay he was further promoted through the Mamluk military hierarchy, eventually becoming taqaddimat alf, commander of a thousand Mamluks. Under the Sultan Timurbugha, Qaitbay was appointed atabak, or field marshal of the entire Mamluk army. During this period Qaitbay amassed a considerable personal fortune which would enable him to exercise substantial acts of beneficence as sultan. The reign of Timubugha lasted less than two months, as he was dethroned in a palace coup on 30 January 1468. Qaitbay was proposed as a compromise candidate acceptable to the various court factions. Despite some apparent reluctance, he was enthroned on 31 January.

Qaitbay's first major challenge was the insurrection of Shah Suwar, leader of a small Turkmen dynasty, the Dhu'l-Qadrids, in eastern Anatolia. A first expedition against the upstart was soundly defeated, and Suwar threatened to invade Syria. A second Mamluk army was sent in 1469 under the leadership of Azbak, but was likewise defeated and it was not until 1471 that a third expedition, this time commanded by Yashbak, succeeded in routing Suwar's army. In 1473, Suwar was captured and led back to Cairo, together with his brothers; the prisoners were drawn and quartered and their remains were hung from Bab Zuwayla.

Following the defeat of Suwar, Qaitbay set about purging his court and installing his own purchased Mamluks in all positions of power. He frequently went on excursions, ostentatiously leaving the citadel with limited guards to display his trust of his subordinates and of the populace. He traveled throughout his reign, visiting Alexandria, Damscus, and Aleppo, among other cities, and personally inspecting his many building projects. In 1472 he performed the Hajj to Mecca.

In 1485 Ottoman armies began to campaign on the Mamluk frontier, and an expedition was dispatched from Cairo to confront them. These Mamluk troops won a surprising victory in 1486 near Adana. A temporary truce ensued, but in 1487 the Ottomans reoccupied Adana, only to be defeated once more by a massive Mamluk army. As Turkish expansion in the western Mediterranean represented an increased threat to the Spanish Crown, the Spanish King Fernando made a temporary alliance with the Mamluks against the Ottomans from 1488 until 1491.

In 1491 a final truce was signed that would last through the remaining reigns of Qaitbay and the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid II. Qaitbay's ability to enforce a peace with the greatest military power in the Muslim world further enhanced his prestige at home and abroad.

In 1492 the plague returned to Cairo, and was reported to have claimed 200,000 lives. By 1494 Qaitbay's health was in decline and his court, now lacking a figure of central authority, was wracked by infighting, factionalism, and purges. He died on 8 August 1496 and was interred in the spectacular mausoleum attached to his mosque in Cairo's Northern Cemetery which he had built during his lifetime.

Today Qaitbay is best remembered for his wide-ranging architectural patronage. At least 230 monuments, either surviving or mentioned in contemporary sources, are associated with his reign. In Egypt, Qaitbay's buildings were to be found throughout Cairo, as well as in Alexandria and Rosetta. In Syria he sponsored projects in Aleppo and Damascus and was responsible for the construction of madrasas and fountains in Jerusalem and Gaza, which still stand - most notably the Fountains of Qayt Bay and al-Ashrafiyya Madrasa. On the Arabian peninsula, Qaitbay sponsored the restoration of mosques and the construction of madrasas, fountains and hostels in Mecca and Medina. After a serious fire struck the Mosque of the Prophet in Medina in 1481, the building, including the Tomb of the Prophet, was extensively renewed through Qaitbay's patronage
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Шлемы мамлюков и их африканских соседей

Сообщение velizariy » 31 окт 2015, 13:50

http://www.sothebys.com/en/auctions/eca ... t.340.html
https://www.bonhams.com/auctions/24198/ ... 560&page=1
A Mamluk steel helmet, Egypt, late 15th century
the bowl of domed conical form with knop finial, the curving movable nasal with leaf-shaped finial and screw lug and visor secured by copper rivets, neck-guard attached with two hooks and bendable screws, engraved St. Eirene arsenal mark, on a custom mount
39cm. height
21.8cm. diam.
Similar examples are in the Hermitage (inv. nos. 37 and 38, unpublished), the Metropolitan Museum of Art (inv. no. 36.25.116), the Furusiyya Art Foundation (Paris 2002a, no.134, p.171), the Khalili Collection (Alexander 1992, no.55, pp.108-109) and the Musée du Louvre (Atil 1981, no.41, pp.112-113; Paris 1977, no.411, pp.188-189), though the richest collection of Mamluk arms and armour is to be found in the Topkapi Palace and Military Museum in Istanbul, captured as booty from the Mamluks after their defeat at the hands of the Ottomans in 1516-17. The Eirene arsenal mark which is engraved on the present example stands for the weapons storage room used in the Topkapi Palace until the past century (see illustrated).
167L15223_8LC38_2.jpg
167L15223_8LC38_4.jpg
167L15223_8LC38_1.jpg
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Re: Шлемы мамлюков и их африканских соседей

Сообщение Yuriy » 11 ноя 2015, 01:42

Из музея исламского искусства в Катаре;

http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-nKwGefP46uc/T ... G_0294.jpg
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Re: Шлемы мамлюков и их африканских соседей

Сообщение velizariy » 05 мар 2016, 18:36

https://www.hermitagemuseum.org/wps/por ... 22/?lng=ru
Шлем Египет (Мамлюкский период), Конец XV - начало XVI в.
Название: Шлем Место создания: Египет (Мамлюкский период) Время создания: Конец XV - начало XVI в.
Материал: сталь, медь Техника: ковка, гравировка, резьба, чернение, позолота Размеры: высота: 16,5; диаметр: 21,0 см
Поступление: Поступил в 1829 г. Взят в Эрзеруме Инвентарный номер: В.О.-1204
WOA_IMAGE_1.jpg
"Знание — столь драгоценная вещь, что его не зазорно добывать из любого источника".
Фома Аквинский
"Чудеса и диковины! Передай дальше!"
Рэй Брэдбери
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